Amazonia is an expanse of tropical forest spread over 550 million hectares (ha) and shared by eight countries. Its abundant natural resources and ecosystem services underpin water, energy and food security, as well as economic prosperity across the region.
In particular, this biome is fundamental in guaranteeing climate mitigation and for securing water resources, by recycling rainfall, and purifying and regulating water flows that are essential for agricultural production, industry, energy generation and human wellbeing.
Yet, the accelerated growth of the agriculture and extractive sectors, infrastructure developments, migratory flows and urbanization, coupled with weak governance and land tenure conflicts, have put greater demands on Amazonia’s natural resources. This has resulted in significant forest loss, estimated at over 75 million ha since 1978. These dynamics, exacerbated by climate extremes such as El Niño and climate change, are undermining the region’s long-term capacity to deliver key ecosystem services necessary for water, energy and food security.
By utilising a policy coherence analysis for Brazil, Colombia and Peru using a Water, Energy Food nexus framework, the report identifies the various policy synergies and conflicts that are a play and how they may or may not undermine the regions water, energy and food security.
Please click on the link below to download a copy of the full report.
|Regional Policy Brief English FINAL.pdf||2.45 MB|